What are Bed Bugs?
Bedbugs are small, wingless bugs that measure about 0.6 cm (0.25 in.) long and can range from white to brown in color. After eating, they become a rusty red hue. Similar to mosquitoes, these creatures feed on the blood of humans or animals. They got their name due to their preference for living in bedding and mattresses; they usually stay hidden during the day and come out at night to feed, being able to go without food for weeks at a time. A photo of one is available online.
Bedbugs are not known to transmit illness to humans. However, the itching from the bites can be so intense that it causes some individuals to scratch their skin until it is broken, which makes them vulnerable to infection. Additionally, some people may have an allergic reaction due to the bites
Where to find bedbugs?
Bedbugs can be found in many places around the globe. Hotels, motels, hostels, shelters and apartments with a high turnover of people are particularly prone to bedbug infestations. These bugs can enter a house through suitcases, furniture, clothing items such as pillows and boxes and other objects. During the day they tend to hide in beds, floors, furniture as well as wood and paper debris.
How to identify bedbugs?
The initial evidence of bedbugs could be red, irritating bites on the skin, usually located on the arms or shoulders. Bedbugs are known to leave in rows instead of sporadic bites like some other insects. Additional signs to look for include: the bugs themselves around mattress seams; small blood spots on sheets and mattresses; dark patches of bug excrement near hiding places such as furniture, walls, and floors; and a sweet smell from bedbug scent glands if there is a high number present.
How to treat bedbug bites?
Home remedies can be used to relieve itching and reduce the risk of infection from bed bug bites. Cleanse the area with soap and water, apply calamine lotion or anti-itch cream, or press a cloth soaked in oatmeal (Aveeno Colloidal Oatmeal is available at pharmacies) onto the affected area for 15 minutes. An ice pack may also be used to reduce swelling. If there is any suspicion of an infection, it's best to visit a doctor right away
How to eliminate bedbugs?
Bedbugs can be difficult to eradicate. They are able to hide in tiny openings in the mattress, bed frame, and box spring. Furthermore, they may disperse into other crevices and walls of the room to lay their eggs. Therefore, it is advised to contact a professional pest control company for assistance with extermination methods. Common techniques include:
Professional Pest Management will use heat treatments as part of a combination treatment process to effectively kill both adult bed bugs and the eggs left behind. The high temperature will need to be achieved and maintained throughout the process.
If using Insecticides, ensure that the company's chosen product has proven to be successful in eliminating bed bugs specifically.
Additionally, perform other cleaning measures such as frequently vacuuming and emptying the vacuum after each use. If utilizing a vacuum bag, seal it and discard it outside in a trash container. If not using a vacuum bag, empty out the receptacle and clean it with hot soapy water.
You should wash any items that could potentially contain bed bugs in order to eliminate them. Set your dryer to the highest temperature suitable for the fabric and leave it running until the clothes or linens are completely dry.
Mattress and Box Spring covers
Additionally, encasements for mattresses, box springs and pillows are available and can be used to trap bed bugs; make sure you read and follow any instructions given on the packaging.
Once you have exterminated the bed bugs, you will need to be mindful about not allowing bed bugs to return again. Living through the situation once is often enough for anyone. And you will be mindful of protecting against further infestations in the future.
Keep reading to learn more about bed bugs!